101 Facts About Dogs

greetings from the factors or shall I
say woof woof yeah my name is Sam and I am NOT a dog believe it or not that’s
not even one of our 101 wonderful facts here it’s gonna be a big journey though
covering 40,000 years of history more breeds of dog that you can shake it
stick out get it stick because dogs chased anyway strap yourselves in for
fact about whacked up jean-paul’s queen elizabeth ii and lots and lots of
bitches but why can’t dogs eat chocolate what the strange about they’re now
extinct fujian dog and how much am I going to enjoy having a legit excuse to
say bitch two out of three of those questions are going to be answered so
grab some snacks rotate several times on the spots before making yourself
comfortable and howl at the moon like your
forefathers before you is we count through 101 facts about dogs but hey
wait before we get started if you love dogs and have ever wondered about their
point of view on certain subjects or you just want them to explain stuff to you
then why not check out the brand new channel dog logic topic from the worlds
of Harry Potter and Game of Thrones all the way to human evolution are being
discussed by those two mucky pups oh it’s a heck of a fun ride too so get on
over there now I’ll give you a minute okay minute done here we go number one
dogs also known as Canis familiaris are a subgroup of canids a group that
includes wild dogs foxes and wolves and let me be perfectly candid and say how
much of an open fact that wars have been for look at that and seriously you have
about a hundred more of these jokes to go so strap in number two in human
landscapes dogs are the most widely abundant terrestrial land-based
carnivore both in terms of their number and they’re spread across the globe the
global population of dogs is estimated to be between 700 and 900 million and
increasing in 2012 the total was estimated at only 525 million their old
rival cats only amount to six hundred million one nil two dogs number three
the United States alone has around 80 million dogs as pets spread across 42
million homes the UK on the other hand has about nine million number four
throughout the world about 80 percent of dogs are free-range meaning they are not
confined to a particular area this means that the vast majority of dog to stray
dogs feral dogs wild dogs street dogs and or village dogs that’s right most
dogs are untethered gay to play by their own rules number-5
unsurprisingly given its abundance the domesticated dog also demonstrates a
broader variation in size behavior and appearance than any other domesticated
species to nil to the dogs number 6 the epithet man’s best friend may have been
coined by Frederick the Great King of Prussia who made the first recorded
utterance of the phrase in 1789 reputedly in reference to his beloved
Italian Greyhound number 7 brace yourself only one of a delicate
disposition because this next fact is going to get naughty baby an adult
female dog is called a bitch that much we know but a mother dog and mother dogs
call a damn damn bitch number 8 in contrast the father of a litter is
called a sire or sometimes even a stud typical dudes taking the good titles for
themselves and that’s coming from a stone-cold stud number 9 a mature dog
sorry those who are not capable of reproduction yet are called pups or less
formally puppies alternatively if you were born after 2000 you can call them
baby tacos number 10 but who would want to have just one dog Oh better to have
all the baby dog O’s in which case the collective noun for a group of pups from
the same pregnancy is a litter which is harsh because that’s what we call
garbage here in the UK interestingly and litter can have multiple sires because
female dogs release multiple eggs during ovulation that can be fertilized get it
girl I think number 12 the average number of puppies in a litter is between
6 and 10 but this number varies greatly between breeds smaller dogs can have as
few as one pup while larger dogs can have over 12 number 13 puppies are born
with their eyes and ear canal closed making them functionally blind and deaf
it can take two weeks for their eyes and ears to open in the mean time the
puppies have retiree reliant on their mother who instinctively pulls them in
for feeding number fourteen but what happens when your litter of puppies
grows up and turns into full-blown adults well the correct collective noun
you’ll need for a group of three or more adult domesticated dogs is a kennel
while three or more wild dogs are called a pack
number 15 dogs are between 319 and 321 bones in their bodies depending on their
tails otherwise a tiny Chihuahua has the same amount of bones as a great day in
their just a very different shape humans don’t have tails which is why we lag
behind it – frankly pathetic 206 bones number 16 and all dogs have a total of
42 permanent teeth a number constant to all members of the canid family humans
only have a measly 32 with wisdom teeth discounted but hey we have opposable
thumbs so take that dog’s number 17 the upper body muscles of a dog have to
support around half the entire dog’s weight but overall someone or something
must have designed the dog very well because its weight distribution is even
across the front and back halves of the body
number 18 dogs don’t have sweat glands will over their bodies instead they only
have them in areas without hair their paws and noses that’s why dogs sometimes
rub their paws on the ground they’re leaving their scent behind number 19
unlike most humans doggy is very wildly in shape size and form ranging from
short and pointy to long and flappy incidentally long and flappy was my
nickname in secondary school anyway dogs have at least 18 muscles in their
ears which they used to swivel tilt turn and raise each ear independently of each
other number 22 dogs need that many muscles to
help the years do their job of being a badass at hearing a dog can process in
here sounds of up to nearly 70,000 Hertz the hyper Hertz the high the pitch human
adult’s though can only hear up to 20,000 Hertz number 21 dogs have a
special membrane in their eyes called tappet um lucidum which allows them to
see in the dark they’re also held by having large people
to allow more light to reach their retinas number 22 okay
number 22 dogs have three eyelids huh I know right one at the top one at the
bottom and a third that comes in from the side this is called a nictitating
membrane the third eyelid is used less and comes over only when the eye needs
cleaning it contains a tear producing gland that aids with lubrication number
23 in both humans and dogs I – eye contact releases the hormone oxytocin
oxytocin is otherwise known as the love hormone so looking at AAG in the eye
increases the bond between human and hound so be careful when you start
looking in your dog’s eyes to see its tappet in lucidum and its third eyelid
your dog will we fall in love with you ah number 24
now get ready for some myth-busting babes dogs are not colorblind they
simply don’t see as many colors as us because their eyes have fewer color
detecting cones the human eyes in addition to black and white dogs can
also see the colors blue and yellow but they do struggle to pick up greens and
reds which is probably why they’re such bad drivers number 25 dogs can have
single or double layers of fur coats a single layer of coat is just a thin
layer of short hairs normally smooth and sometimes silky while a double coat will
have an under layer of denser hair underneath a double layer is more
similar to wolves to have an under layer for warmth in colder climates number 26
domestic dog hair usually follows a countess shading pattern while this
pattern doesn’t have much evolutionary advantage today it’s a remnant of the
natural pattern for camouflage seen in many animals whereas the hair on the
upper surfaces will be darker than the hair on the underside that’s why many
dogs have a larger patch on their bellies where they like to be robbed yes
they do number 29 the removal of a dog’s tail is known as docking though I
wouldn’t Google that if I were you in the past hunting and working dogs have
had their tails docked to help avoid injury but today it can still happen for
cosmetic purposes docking is banned across much of Europe and Australia but
remains unrestricted in North America number 28 dogs use their tails as a tool
of communicating their emotional state to other dogs and to humans too a
wagging tail means a happy doggy and a droopy tail means a sad doggy it’s a
clever non verbal form of communication because even as humans we can
intuitively interpret this behavior dogs can also use her tails blow away as a
rudder when they’re in water Sam leaves footprints URLs are the compact things
up with it but imagine how cool that would be number 29 dog remains buried
with humans have been dated back to fourteen thousand seven hundred years
old this is undisputed between scientists funnily enough though
scientists do like to dispute each other’s findings and many think that dog
remains from much longer ago do exist possibly dating up to 36 thousand years
ago they also found that dogs could fight in the battle against giant
spiders ochre sand dragons – okay maybe that last part is a lie but it’s what
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30 dogs were the first species to be domesticated by humans we are best
friends after all dogs our thoughts have been domesticated at least 2,000 years
before sheep while cats weren’t domesticated until the ancient Egyptians
came along perhaps ten thousand years after dogs were domesticated that’s
three nil two dogs in case you were keeping count number 31
despite some similarities in appearance modern wolves are not closely related to
the wolves that their dogs originally domesticated from in fact the direct
ancestor of the modern dog it’s now long extinct ah but he was probably a good
boy number 32 well the closest living relative to the modern domestic dog is
the gray wolf there is no evidence to suggest that any other canine has
contributed to the genetic lineage of the dog the Tibetan Mastiff for example
might look like it was sired by a lion but sadly no number 33 unlike other
candid species dogs may have been more primed for domestication with humans
because they have more ability to digest starch than any other candidates a dog’s
pancreas can excrete amylase an enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch
into sugar compared to wolves see gene for amylase production is 28 times more
productive in dogs number 34 dogs benefited too from domestication with
early humans they could scavenge for food around human camps and escape the
risk of being killed by humans as humans were the most efficient hunter around
and would wipe out wolves if they felt threatened by them some scientists even
suggest that wolves sought out humans to be domesticated they were asking for it
number 35 in fact there was most likely some mutually beneficial symbiosis going
on having dogs around was as helpful to humans as it was to dogs they helped
sanitation by clearing up food scraps enacted as an early warning system for
threats don’t also help with hunting by sniffing out animals
like that number 36 but domestication might not have been a process that
happened just once dogs might have actual been domesticated several times
and in several different places this is thought to be the case because DNA
sequences from some dogs paired with humans tens of thousands of years ago
don’t match up to modern dogs number 37 one of the most famous and most complete
plaster cast from pompeii is of a dog struggling for breath against the
volcanic dust the poor thing had been in a bronze studded collar on a leash
probably tied up and defenseless against impending doom or now I’m just sad
number 38 ancient collars weren’t all bad though the spiked dog collar also
known as the wolf collar was invented by the ancient Greeks to stop wolves being
able to bite dogs in the neck no one wants to be bitten and then a calf to
roll and people always want their dogs to be alive number 39 dogs have always
been put to work by humans in mythology dogs are often depicted in Guardian
positions for example like Cerberus a three-headed dog guarding the entrance
to Hades in Greek mythology and Yima the Hindu god of death having dogs with four
eyes protecting the gates of America or hell number 40 it’s difficult to know
exactly how many dog breeds there are mostly because there’s no
internationally accepted criteria for what constitutes a distinct breed there
is a practically infinite number of combinations of dogs that could be bred
together for example and how many of a similar dog do you need before you can
consider it a breed the whole thing is a bloody nightmare
number 41 that being said the American Kennel Club officially recognizes 192
breeds but the Kennel Club of Britain officially recognizes 219 because we
here in Britain are much more accepting of unconventional alternative breeds
like the South African long snout and the uzbek turquoise ver meaning over
life the Jaguar bar is the smallest dog breed
in the world on average weighing only two to three kilograms that’s about the
same as a kind of soup but generally tin super-stressed called carry around in
your handbag number 43 according to the Guinness Book of World
Records the smallest living dog was only nine point six five centimetres tall it
was a chihuahua from puerto rico called milly milly could probably fit in the
can of soup actually but you’d have to take the soup out first cuz that’s cruel
number 44 conversely he told his breed of dog is
the great dane often around 30 inches tall that’s about the height of a dining
table so be careful of any deign sealing your dinner
that’s a good rule for life in general to be honest number 45
Great Danes by the way don’t have an obvious connection to Denmark despite
their name in fact in Germany they’re known as Deutsch doggy
which means German Mastiff and the French called them Duga Lomond
which means exactly the same thing the French and Germans clearly don’t know
their dog from their Danes number 46 but German Mastiff step aside the English
Mastiff now that’s the heaviest dog on average generally weighing up to 113
kilograms that’s about the same as a manhole cover
I mean don’t ask me how I know that when I get up to is up to me so do you before
a big dog or a small dog perhaps you’re a free-spirited maverick it prefers a
medium-sized canine let us know though in our fancy YouTube’s NASA YouTube
Paula said YouTube twice number forty-seven the oldest dog ever verified
was an Australian Cattle Dog could bluey from well guess where Australia
apparently the Australian Way of life is good for canines it’s bluey lifts for 29
years and 160 days between 1910 and 1939 for comparison the average Australian
Cattle Dog lives between 12 and 14 years number 48 we all know that dogs are
great swimmers but did you know that some dogs could swim better than others
many breeds of dogs have naturally webbed feet in order to help them swim
these breeds include the Newfoundland Portuguese water dog and the Weimaraner
number 49 dogs have the same main senses as humans taste touch vision hearing and
smell however dogs normally have much more
acute senses of hearing and smell than humans but this varies greatly by breed
their strongest is their sense of smell number 50 dogs
are also somehow sensitive to Earth’s magnetic field yeah one study even found
makino receptive molecules in the eyes of dogs suggesting that dogs may be able
to in some sense see the planet’s magnetic field trippy number 51 ah
scientists have observed that based on this remarkable ability dogs choose to
defecate with their body aligned to the north-south axis when magnetic field
conditions are calm they monitored 1893 defecation and 5,500 matey to urinations
to determine this which is both impressive and upsetting number 52
greyhounds have the fastest breed of dog able to run at 45 miles per hour so
presumably they can pick up speed to get some residential air
while dragging a 67 year old woman called Doris behind them number 53
greyhounds have a flexible spine that allows them to run at those racy speeds
thanks to their flexible spine they can have their front and rear legs flailed
in opposite directions meaning they can have all four of their feet off the
ground at any one time I mean look at this guy he’s flying number 54
interestingly enough greyhounds technically aren’t grave these speedy
boys come in a variety of colors including whites reds and browns but
great greyhounds after some reason virtue is blue who doesn’t want a blue
dog number 55 Dalmatians are born with purely white coats their spots begin to
appear after three to four weeks meaning you have to pick the right moment if you
really want that lovely Dalmatian spotted coat number 56 the buzz ng a
small-sized dog which originated in Central Africa is known as the only dog
that is unable to bark hence the nickname the barkless dog this trait is
caused by their unusually shaped larynx but while they may not be able to bark
they can howl which often sounds a little bit like Chewbacca yodeling
number 57 just like humans Chihuahuas are born
with a hole in their skulls to make birth easier the skull of use is fully
afterbirth number 58 the Labrador Retriever is the most popular dog breed
in the US according to the American Kennel Club they’ve held the top spot
since the 1880s and they’re beloved because they’re easygoing multi-talented
and most of all friendly Labradors come in black yellow chocolate
or mint choc chip number 59 the Labrador Retriever also used to be the most
popular doc in the UK until it was overtaken in 2018 by the adorable French
Bulldog viva la Franchi number 16 Americans collectively spend around 70
million dollars on their pet dogs each year by far the biggest portion of that
is spent on food because if dogs don’t eat they die number 61 Americans also
spend more on their dogs than cats an average lucky American Park can have
$140 spent on its per month across the course of a year that’ll be $300 more
than a cat will get for nill for pooches number 62 maybe
dogs need that level of tension dogs can suffer from separation anxiety when an
owner is away symptoms can include barking when alone or pacing up and down
in lines or circles we’ll even seek out items that smell of
an owner to comfort them our cheese’s breaking my heart
number 63 but as the Rue sort of once sang it’s not all love and affection
over four and a half million Americans are bitten by dogs each year mostly by
those that are owned by friends or family or that they own so you don’t
need to be too worried about their old dogs coming to get you you need to be
worried about your own nintendo64 when their love is gone dogs can end up
without a home around three to five million dogs a place in shelters each
year in the USA but thankfully this number is declining number 65 various
breeds of dog are prone to a variety of health conditions that have been brought
on because of human breeding by artificial selection by breeding dogs
together to secure certain traits in their offspring some genetic ailments
have been amplified now these ailments include Labradors over eating and
leading to obesity issues as well as German Shepherds being prone to us
writers Dalmatians being prone to deafness and pug suffering from
breathing issues number 66 on the flippity flip flip flip
flip flip side though it’s a bit much there is some evidence to suggest that
crossbred dogs had a slightly longer life expectancy on average than purebred
dogs because inbred dogs have a higher chance of genetic disorders cross breeds
live an average of 102 years longer number 67 but a doggie will only live –
its life expectancy if your house isn’t a threat to it there are a number of
household plants that are poisonous to dogs for instance these include lilies
ivy Jade mageot Nia’s poinsettias aloe vera and cyclamen number 68 a number of
household foods are also poisonous to dogs including garlic on your grapes
raisins rhubarb spinach and mushrooms I mean I could live without rhubarb but
garlic I mean just kill me number 69 dog East uh however dogs are most famously
intolerant to chalk a la that’s French for chocolate this is because it
contains a substance called theobromine which dogs metabolize far slower than
humans making poisoning far more likely cats have an even lower tolerance for
theobromine than dogs but if are less likely to ingest
chocolate because they literally cannot taste sweetness speaks volumes about
cats frankly number 70 dogs have become worse at problem-solving since joining
humans as experiments have shown that wolves are better at non social problem
solving in experiments where a dog is given an unsolved
problem which seems very cruel they look to a human for help
whereas wolves do not basically with ruin dogs number 71 dogs are better at
communicating with humans than any other animal is including their closest canine
relatives and the great apes this is seen because dogs respond better to
communication such as human gestures you can try this for yourself if you get to
carpets one with food in it and place them both facedown it doesn’t matter
which one has the food in a dog will still go and examine whichever one you
point at number 72 dogs do respond better when humans talk to them like
babies that ping in shorter sentences and high pitches the higher pitch gets
dogs to pay attention and shorter sentences tend to carry more emotion
than a dog can interpret number 73 let’s not forget the dogs are clever though a
great pyrenees for example was elected mayor of comment minnesota for four
years in a row but duke the dog wasn’t really in a position of power the town
elected the dog as part of a fundraising campaign for the town’s annual festival
with people giving donations to cast a ballot number 74 in 2013 a service dog
named Kirsh was awarded a master’s degree in counseling alongside his owner
Carlos Mora because he attended all of his visually impaired owners classes the
university did not tell Carlos or Kirsch for that matter beforehand so it came as
a nice surprise in a degree ceremony number 75 elizabeth ii has owned thirty
Corgi since her coronation in 1952 she reportedly stopped breeding corgis in
2015 so that she would not leave any behind upon her death
willow Monty and Holly the dogs appeared alongside the Queen and agent
double-oh-seven in the 2012 Olympic opening ceremony number 76
but elizabeth ii currently has no corgis as they’ve all died
willow was the last one passing away in 2018 however she does still have two
other dogs Vulcan and Kandy which are actually doggies a cross between – ins
and corgis as mixed breeds Vulcan in Candia currently the least inbred
mesmero damn me number 77 the Queen may have accepted the death of
the corgis but Barbra Streisand is not willing to accept the death of her dog
prior to its death in 2017 Barbra Streisand had a dog Samantha a coton de
Tulear cloned when she found out it was ill she now has two clones of Samantha
called miss violet and Miss Scarlet cloning dogs by the way can cost over
$100,000 number 78 speaking of people with way
too much money Paris Hilton she had a pet
Chihuahua called Tinkerbell which he famously carried around with her for 14
years until the beloved pet died in 2015 lucky Tinkerbell number 79
Paris Hilton built a two-story dog mansion for her many pets the mansion is
modeled on her mansion complete with tiny furniture for the dogs it’s pink
and includes honey chandeliers because that’s the kind of thing you do when
you’re born rich number 80 may be the extreme luxuries to be expected given
that she has eight dogs and paid it reported $13,000 just for one of them
number 81 celebrities can go crazy for their pets Mariah Carey has her Jack
Russell JJ chauffeur-driven in her Mercedes if planes refused to let him
fly just think of that next time you’re on a subway on the way to work if you
were a celebrity’s dog you can have your own chauffeur
I wonder if Jennifer Lawrence has a dog she does oh she just keeps improving
upon a perfection number 82 life isn’t good for all dogs though in 1957 a
mongrel called licker became the first animal to be launched into space she was
launched aboard Soviet Sputnik 2 as part of experiments to see how living
organisms coped with space travel like her died during the flight as expected
the Soviets initially claimed that she died in her sleep due to a lack of
oxygen but it later transpired that she’d been killed by extreme heat
possibly the Soviets biggest crime number 83 in 1960 the Soviet Union put
two more dogs in space which became the first dogs to survive an orbital flight
they were called Belka and Strelka and they were accompanied by grey rabbit to
rats and 42 mice now there’s a party number 84 so really the Cold War would
have been nothing without dogs as part of Cold War one upmanship presents were
given between the leaders of Soviet Russia and the USA at the major
conferences they attended Soviets premier Khrushchev gave John F Kennedy a
Russian dog could push shinka which means fluffy by the way machine Kiev was
sort of a celebrity too because she was the daughter of the aforementioned space
dog stroke at number 85 the gold war was certainly not the only war where dogs
were involved though during the Second World War citizens of the UK and US were
encouraged to donate their dogs for war duty
imagine having stews between dog and country I’d reckon our cheese dog sorry
Britain number 86 in the Second World War the most decorated American army dog
was a German Shepherd collie Siberian Husky called chips he was awarded four
medals including the Purple Heart but his efforts were
not recognized for long because his medals were later rescinded when an army
policy prevented official commendation of animals for those absolute number 87
during the Second World War the Soviet Army used anti-tank dogs that being dogs
with explosives strapped to them to destroy German tanks initially they were
trying to drop the explosives and run but this proved ineffective so Soviet
switched tactics to impact detonation killing the dog in the process what is
it with you Soviet guys number 88 in addition roughly five thousand US
military dogs served in the Vietnam War and very few of them returned number 89
30 out of the 45 presidents of the US have had dogs in the White House Obama
had two Portuguese water dogs named sunny and Bo
whilst George Washington had a total of twelve pounds including tipsy and
drunkard number ninety President Lyndon Johnson had two beagles named him and
her he caused a stir in 1964 when he was pictured lifting him by his ears the
evil-ass move on number 91 Donald Trump was the first president in 130 years to
not have a pet dog the last president to have a dog was
William McKinley and he was assassinated in 1901 so it’s probably good-luck charm
to have one dong number 92 so dogs always useful to have around
or are they this by Manchester Airport spending 1.25 million pounds on a
sniffer dog unit a 2016 report found the dogs went through a seven-month dry
spell of finding cheese and sausages but not a single class a drug well either
that will they kept it for themselves number 93 in modern culture we have
plenty of dogs to get excited about no seriously I mean plenty for instance in
Marley & Me you know that film where that sad thing happens at the end a
total of 22 different Labradors were used to play Marley number 94 the dogs
who played lassie were actually male this was initiative results for male
stunt dog being perfect for the role but then it was decided that females showed
too much fur under the studio lights and looked a little bit too small on camera
number 95 in contrast the dog at plays toto in the Wizard of Oz was actually a
female can Terrier called Terry the dog was renamed toto after the film was
launched it also suddenly went from seeing black and white to glorious
Technicolor number 96 dogs also inspire other aspects of filmmaking too for
example George Lucas’s a box in Star Wars Return of the Jedi
were based on the appearance of shih tzus and Brussels griffons number 97 the
most popular dog on instagram is Jeff Palmer Pomeranian with over 9 million
followers yeah that’s right you have less followers
than a dog called Jeff palm number 98 Biggio Pomeranians 12 dogs were aboard
the Titanic when it sank and only three survived a Pekinese and two Pomeranians
they were all from first class cabins bloody elite dogs always trampling of
the plotter it pups number 99 in Moscow in the present day stray dogs have
learned to ride the subway and gutter for certain spots through not just a
fine food which is smarter than me because I was miss my stop while spacing
out to bring with her Isis brand-new ok album number 100 oh yeah yeah yeah maybe
doctor kept awake by there better hearing though did you know for example
they can hear a little Easter egg in a Beatles track Paul McCartney put a dog
whistle at the end of the day in the life at 15,000 Hertz the sound is at the
upper end of what humans can hear but easily accessible to dogs number 101
woof woof I tell you who doesn’t know the nineteenth-century peoples of Tierra
del Fuego in Argentina prior to the 20th century these inhabitants have
domesticated the now extinct Fujian dog what was strange about their now extinct
Fujian dog but this dog was unusual because it wasn’t a dog rather it was
domesticated form with the kelp AO which is the South American Fox that’s right a
whole different branch of canine to the dog so that was 101 facts about dogs
what breed is your favorite which dog is your favorite let me know in the
comments down below also subscribe to 101 facts if you haven’t done so already
because what all the cool kids are doing baby in the meantime though check out
these two videos on screen now one of them is gonna really wet your whistle
and get you down behind the ears I don’t know what I’m saying anymore bye see you

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