Russian Dog Breeds – Top 10 Dogs


You’re watching Animal Facts! Covering an expanse of over 6.6 million square
miles, Russia is the world’s largest country by landmass, beating out runner-up Canada
by around 2.8 million square miles. It’s big, covering 11 time zones. This gives plenty of space for plenty of different
dog breeds to develop, each uniquely suited to the harsh Russian climate. From military dogs to lap dogs, let’s check
out some of Russia’s unique dog breeds. Let’s get started, but before we start,
make sure to hit that subscribe button and click the bell icon to become part of our
notification squad. 10. Siberian Husky When you think of cold-weather dogs, the Siberian
Husky likely comes to mind. The Siberian Husky is believed to have originated
with the Chukchi, an indigenous people inhabiting the Chukchi Peninsula and the shores of the
Chukchi Sea and the Bering Sea region of the Arctic Ocean within the Russian Federation. DNA evidence has pointed to the Siberian being
one of the oldest of all dog breeds. Quick and nimble-footed, Siberians are known
for their powerful but seemingly effortless gait and intelligence. A large working dog breed, the Siberian belongs
to the Spitz family of dogs. Sibies are recognizable by their thickly furred
double coat, erect triangular ears, and distinctive markings. 9. Samoyed The Samoyed, with its thick, white, double-layered
coat is a breed of large herding dog, also from the Spitz group. The Sammie takes its name from the Samoyedic
peoples of Siberia. These nomadic reindeer herders bred the fluffy
white dogs to help with herding, and to pull sleds when they moved. The breed is characterized by an alert and
happy expression which has earned the nicknames “Sammie smile” and “smiley dog. An alternate name for the breed, especially
in Europe, is Bjelkier. Go ahead and let me know in the comments that
I butchered the pronunciation. 8. Russian Toy The Russian Toy is a very small breed of dog
originally bred in Russia from the English Toy Terrier, known today as the Manchester
Terrier, who was one of the most popular companion dogs in Russia at the beginning of the 20th
century. However, shipping of toy terriers into Russia
all but stopped in the time between the 1920s and 1950s. And he long isolated evolution and specific
selection process have resulted in the creation of a new breed, the Russian Toy, which was
bred exclusively in Russia until her political isolation diminished. 7. Russian Spaniel The energetic, free-spirited Russian Spaniel
is a type of spaniel first standardized in 1951 in the Soviet Union after the Second
Global Conflict by cross-breeding English Cocker Spaniels, English Springer Spaniels,
and other spaniel breeds. Physically it is similar to field line Cocker
Spaniels but has a shorter, tighter coat and a longer body. Developed and used as hunting dogs, this breed
does not suffer from any major health complaints other than those normally associated with
spaniels. A popular bird-dog in its native Russia, the
breed was only introduced overseas in the 1990s. 6. Laika This one is not a breed per se, but more of
a group of dogs. The Laika, a generic name given to several
breeds, refers to hunting dog originating in Russia and known for its method of hunting,
called bark-pointing, in which it would “point” out prey by barking at it. The Russian word Laika is a noun derived from
the verb layat’ and literally means barker. Laika is also the name given to the mutt who
was the first dog in space. 5. Central Asian Shepherd Dog The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is an ancient
breed of dog that originates from the former Soviet Union and was bred primarily as a livestock,
guarding sheep and goat herds and as a property guardian. Central Asians most likely originated more
than four thousand years ago from natural selection in a geographical area between the
Ural, Caspian Sea, Asia Minor, and the Northwest border of China. Central Asians are still in demand as livestock
guardians, though not nearly as much as they used to be. 4. Caucasian Shepherd Dog The Caucasus mountains are home to one of
the oldest living Molosser breeds, the Caucasian Mountain Dog. Also known as Caucasian Ovcharka, Caucasian
shepherd dogs are strongly boned, muscular, and even-tempered molossers. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog was bred as a livestock
and property guardian and is known for its aggressive nature. And he is big. The minimum weight for a male Caucasian is
110 pounds or 50 kilograms. Today, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a fully
standardized breed, recognized by major kennel organizations, including the American Kennel
Club and the United Kennel Club. They are still successfully serving in this
job, especially in Georgia, and the shepherd’s life is near impossible without these dogs. 3. Borzoi The Borzoi, whose name literally means “fast”
is a sighthound similar in shape to the greyhound, although larger weighing in at more than 100
pounds. Also called the Russian Wolfhound, this breed
was bred for hunting wolves dating back to the 9th and 10th centuries. Hunting trials were held for a long period
of time to determine proper breeding stock for the Borzoi until wolf hunting fell out
of fashion, but he did keep working into the 20th century as a small game hunter. Exports of borzois to other countries were
extremely rare during the Soviet era. However, enough had been taken to England,
Scandinavia, Western Europe, and America in the late 19th century for the breed to establish
itself outside its native country. 2. Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka You didn’t think we were going to make it
through a video without a Bichon breed did ya? The Bolonka Zwetnaya is a rare Russian toy
dog of Bichon type, developed in Moscow and Saint Petersburg, Russia from the ancestors
of smaller dogs such as the Bichon Frise, Toy Poodle, Shih Tzu, Pekingese and French
Bolognese. The Russian Tszvetnaya Bolonka was specifically
developed as a companion dog and is prized for its sociable, easy-going and affectionate
temperament. The Bolonka has recently gained fame by being
the chosen breed of Prince William and Kate Middleton. 1. Black Russian Terrier The Black Russian Terrier is a breed of dog
created in the USSR’s Red Star Kennel during the late 1940s and the early 1950s for use
as military/working dogs. The breeding stock was largely imported from
countries where the Red Army was active during the Second Global Conflict, especially in
East Germany. Despite its name, the Black Russian Terrier
is not a true terrier: it is believed that about seventeen breeds were used in its development,
including the Airedale, the Giant Schnauzer, the Rottweiler, the Newfoundland, the Caucasian
Shepherd Dog and other breeds. Today, the Black Russian Terrier is a working
dog, guarding dog, sporting and companion dog. If you like this video, check out some of
our other videos here. Don’t forget to subscribe and hit that notification
bell for more amazing canines. And as always, catch ya next time.

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9 Responses

  1. ɴɪɴᴀ3491 says:

    Laika was also the name given to Andrew's girlfriend/fiancé from Sailor Moon.

    OMG! ( ♡ᴗ♡ ) The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is such an adorable and cute little breed. I fell in love with these little doggies. They're so cute!!!

  2. Tg Green says:

    Hello

    Keep up the great content I’m enjoying it lots

  3. Harz z says:

    Do biewer terrier video please

  4. Rodent Watch says:

    Can I have a shout out luv u guys I subbed and hit the bell we r getting a cockapoo this breed is so cute and we r going to name it Reece

  5. Janus Loggins says:

    Thank you for another great video!

  6. Yeti’s Place says:

    You didn’t hurt Yeti’s breed’s pronounciation. You did fine, as it’s one of the ways to pronounce Samoyed. Sammies are among the oldest breeds of dogs. They’re also the one breed who is most similar to their original looks. Great video that is enjoyable and entranced Yeti, as your videos always do. Keep up the great work, Leroy and Rosie!

  7. Melvin Chavers says:

    Caucasian Mountain Dog
    Central Asian Shepherd
    Black Russian Terrier

  8. Sabrina Doctor says:

    Woof 🐶💗Woof 💙🐕

  9. Hombre Pobre says:

    i always click thumps down everytime they subscribe

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