The Far Right French Revolution | BETWEEN 2 WARS I 1934 Part 4 of 4

fascism corruption economic hardship
ideological rivalry anti-semitism these words can describe pretty much every
European country in the interwar years France is no exception and in 1934 on
the night of February 6th this all comes together to trigger the worst political
violence the country has seen for generations
once the dust settles the battle lines within France will be more stark than
ever bullshit justly indy neidell and this is
unclear dude guerre a chronological summary of the interwar years covering
all facets of life the uncertainty hedonism and euphoria and ultimately
humanity’s descent into the darkness of the Second World War
if in the aftermath of the Great War Germany is facing a national humiliation
and if Italy is facing a frustration and victory then we may say that France is
facing a lost peace France emerged victorious from the war sure but at a
cost of close to 5% of its population nearly nine million men were mobilized
to fight for France and around 73 percent of them were either killed or
wounded those who survived are still often a visible scar on the streets of
France and the staggering loss of young men heightens fears over declining birth
rates the country is also in financial ruin it has gone from a creditor nation
to a debtor nation vital industries in the northeast were were utterly
obliterated during the war and the franc has plummeted in value and such trauma
inevitably leads to political division the brutalizing experience of the
trenches and the military patriotism of the war years have created a whole
generation of radicalized veterans ultra-nationalism such as this has
always been hostile to the political left but the Bolshevik Revolution in
Russia has intensified hatred of the Red Menace and any groups associated with it
have become targets this really comes to a head in 1924 after the election of the
so called cartel de Guiche and electoral alliance between the center-left radical
party and other more left-wing groups in response several new leagues are formed
or grow in strength groups such as the Jeunesse pay Clio and the fish hill
begin to develop a far-right agenda the latter group is more overtly fascist
than the former indeed the fascio are the first real fascist party to emerge
outside of Italy but both groups like many others formed in this time see
veterans as the men who will rejuvenate France
save her from Republican leftism and preserve her conservative traditions
both groups also have paramilitary units with their own uniforms and with big
parades alongside these newer groups is the axial fan state founded during the
Dreyfus Affair in 1899 the group promotes the principle of integral
nationalism a counter revolutionary and royalist doctrine incorporating anti
parliamentarianism authoritarianism Catholicism anti-semitism and
ultra-nationalism though already a significant movement the rise of the
cartel has given it a golden opportunity for publicity other less radical but
still right when groups are also emerging the largest being de fédération
nationale Catholic led by general de castle now it has mobilized math
Catholics support against the government in 1926 its membership will rise to 1.8
million however that same year the cartel government collapses and is
replaced by a more right-wing one under veteran conservative Lyman Poincare a
general election in 1928 further secures the political position of conservative
parties so the cries against the degenerate leftists have kind of lost
their potency however the ground is still fertile for
the far right to sow their seeds the memories of war remain vivid especially
as France finds itself increasingly isolated from Britain and the United
States the national sacrifice at Verdun is compared bitterly by many to the
corrupt liberalism declining birth rates and the new woman of the 1920s despite
the new Conservative government passing effective legislation the political
class is becoming discredited you see they’re borrowing a fair amount from the
radical program this might win over the typical voter sure might create a sense
of consensus but it angers the nationalist right they are joined by an
increasing number of young intellectuals frustrated at the lack of prospects in
the Republic though varied they share a suspicion of
mechanism and materialism with an accompanying veneration of French
traditionalism okay it is worth mentioning that not every veteran or
young person has become a fluent nationalist in fact pacifism has
actually been on the rise in France this is expressed by both dominant socialist
parties and many veterans organizations pledging themselves to peace
nevertheless as France enters the 1930s shadowy forces on the horizon grow
clearer she has actually escaped the worst parts of the worldwide depression
so far in fact French financial markets are looking strong and the government
budget is in surplus but economic technicalities do little to calm the
pessimism among the populace conservative governments remain in power
until April 1932 when they are defeated by another cartel de gauche
however the cartel fails to transform its electoral alliance into a
governmental one and now like Germany some years earlier French politics is
going through I guess what you’d call a cascade of cabinets these socialists who
worked with the Radical Party are pretty suspicious of bourgeois governments and
offer only conditional parliamentary support this means that governments are
continually facing instability and insecurity political deadlocks happen
again and again and successive cabinets collapse fueling this political
turbulence is a growing public unrest over a host of different grievances see
now a couple years later the depression is hitting France harder and harder
there are mass protests against war debts against pension cuts against
rising taxes against tumbling agricultural prices and against slashed
wages it really does look like France has lost the peace indeed marshal
Philippe Pathan himself known as the Lion of Verdun amplifies this narrative
in a 1932 speech commemorating that famous battle he expresses dismay that
the patriotism of the war has now given way to bitter division and to top it all
off the ascendance of Hitler in Germany in 1933 creates
hiding across much of France in terms of both population and industrial capacity
Germany has basically double the size of France and Hitler’s withdrawal from a
rearmament conference heightens fears that France is now in danger from both
internal and external enemies so like most of inter warrior France is sitting
on a bonfire of political social and economic problems that seems to be just
waiting for a match to set it all ablaze for the Third Republic this will be the
political scandal known as the stavisky affair
Serge Alexandre stavisky was born in 1886 to a Jewish family in what was then
the Russian Empire the family soon moved to France and as he grew up Serge became
increasingly involved with fraudulent enterprises from his teenage years he
has behind him a string of fake companies bad checks stolen securities
now he’s arrested in 1926 but 317 months later on medical grounds and he
continues his shady career now status key is nothing more than a petty crook
but he is also a real charmer and a true socialite of his day he somehow bagged
himself a Chanel model for a wife and has a knack for making friends in high
places but by the end of 1933 the law is catching up with him on Christmas Day he
flees Paris after a lucrative scheme of his begins to unravel it basically
involves local politicians and their assistance in securing bad bonds faker
stolen jewelry and pawn shops once the right-wing press gets wind of this
tangled web they declared a new republic and scandal thing is only getting more
scandalous On January 8th when police finds the Biscay dying from a gunshot
wound in a remote Alpine chalet it is officially a suicide but speculation is
rife that the police murdered him as part of a government cover-up now
scandals like this are not exactly new in French politics and they have been
the ammunition of choice for anyone looking to discredit
organisms as far back as the French Revolution monarchist philosopher Joseph
de Maistre said listening to these so-called
Republicans talk of liberty and virtue is like watching some faded courtesan
feigning the modest blushes of a virgin other more recent scandals though have
also fueled public mistrust of the French Republic so there’s nothing
particularly unique about the stavisky affair only six politicians are directly
implicated and none of them are exceptionally high ranking but the fact
that stavisky is Jewish and that several of the ruling center-left politicians
are implicated and that France is in the grip of depression make it a tailor-made
opportunity for the radical right calls for action grow louder the minister of
qualities is forced to resign once it becomes clear that he provided
assistance to stavisky but the right-wing press does not stop
there and street demonstrations are on the rise newspaper headlines screamed
down with the robbers down with the assassins they now also call for Prime
Minister Camille Shelton to resign he is already a hated figure for his
Masonic connections and right-wing groups hold daily demonstrations against
him and the entire Republican establishment protesters barricade the
streets with cars they even tear down trees show Tom eventually is forced to
resign and is replaced by Edouard Daladier on January 30th da-da-da is
conscious of the rising threat I mean it’d be hard to miss it he knows he
needs to build a stronger alliance with other left-wing groups to show that his
radical party is serious about this he dismisses Paris police prefect and
far-right sympathizer Jean XI up from his post but this only aggravates the
enemies of the Republic further who accused da lady am attempting to
establish a left-wing dictatorship they come together loosely that is to hold a
massive demonstration against the Third Republic now I say loosely because there
isn’t really any central aim or coordination instead a variety of
leagues decide that on the night of February 6 they will stage action
against the Republic and that’s pretty much all they agree on some want an
outright coup others are less clear about what they want at all one of the
main groups is the good-old axial and France A’s
there are some suggestions they want to overthrow the government but their
actions seem to prove otherwise tonight they are primarily represented
by their youth wing with few of the major leaders present in fact the
league’s leader Sean Morris has chosen to spend the night writing poems rather
than go out in the cold winter night and overthrow the system now as you might be
thinking that’s not really the tactics of a group staging a full-blown
revolution the Jonas pop will have a slightly more precise position they do
not wish to overthrow the Republic itself but do very much want to replace
the current government with a more authoritarian one also president of the
quad ever formed in 1927 and led by Colonel Locke it is another League made
up of veterans around a hundred thousand of them to be exact now about 61 percent
of this membership live in Paris and many of them show up tonight but it’s
tough to work out what they hope to achieve indeed there are suggestions
that larocque had to be pressured from the other leagues to join in the first
place there are also smaller fascist or far-right oriented groups present such
as yes solidarity Frances and movement Franck east even between their members
there is no consensus many want to complete coop others just want to
demonstrate their anger right so to make this heady mix just a little bit more
confusing communist groups have also got themselves involved despite being
opposed to these far-right groups and often coming to blows with them they
also have a desire to overthrow the liberal democratic system it is
important to note that the Communist Party has also called on its members to
fight fascists tonight as well as government forces but
despite the complex disunity these groups are a severe threat to French
damar krisi the ever sensationalist paris
press has published detailed descriptions of the league plans and the
league manifestos and such publicity leads to large crowds gathering at
points throughout the city in the evening they start to march on the + de
la Concorde as night comes things start to get violent police block the Concorde
bridge and the mob begins hurling debris and rocks in response cavalry are sent
in as reinforcements and charge at the demonstrators but the mob have brought
with them sticks with razor blades attached if they succeed in cutting down
a horse they leap upon the Fallen rider and beat him savagely the first shots
are soon fired now no one knows from where or from whom but they heighten the
panic the fighting intensifies communist demonstrators now also break away and
pillage the Rue Royale and buildings government or otherwise in the area are
set ablaze rocks are thrown at firefighters battling the flames
meanwhile an equal amount of chaos has taken place in the Chamber of Deputies
itself since 3 p.m. de la da has consistently been prevented from reading
his ministerial declaration conservatives keep breaking into
choruses of the Marseillaise and communists keep belting out the
International knowledge this fights occur between rival deputies the
speaker’s been forced to suspend the session several times and just when
things settled down the deputies hear the first shots ring out and many flees
hurrying past the injured police treated by doctors in the corridors by the time
things are finally adjourned at around 8:30 p.m. there were only about 5 non
cabinet member Deputies left in the chamber back outside much of the mob has
turned towards the presidential palace and the Ministry of the Interior
after some bloody fighting they are beaten back and retreat to the Concorde
once again then at about 10:30 rioters unaware that the deputies have
left begin a full assault on the bridge in front of the Assembly Building
11:30 they seemed to be breaking through the last police barricade the guards
panic and shoot indiscriminately without warning at the charging mob halting it
in its tracks as midnight comes around demonstrators are finally beaten back
fires are now being taken care of and police take control of the situation by
2:30 in the morning the riots seem to be over for now but the following week sees
further chaos and further violence admit day the next day anyhow de la dia is
forced to resign after the cartel falls once again and the police and judiciary
challenged his authority in his place now is former president Gaston doumergue
and a new right-wing cabinet street fights demonstrations and strikes will
take place throughout the next few days adding to the worst civil bloodshed
France has seen since the days of the Paris Commune it is widely believed by
the left that this has all been a fascist coup again that the press do
little to calm these fears later in the week socialist and communist groups come
together to protest against the fascist threat now obviously I just detailed how
Communist rioters fought alongside fascist ones but this seems to be the
result more of organizational confusion and mob mentality rather than any
ideological cause in fact Moscow has been pressuring the communist parties to
adopt a more conciliatory stance towards left-wing and moderate groups they are
advised now to form popular fronts against the ultimate enemy Nazi Germany
anti-fascism is the priority of international communism now and in the
coming years it will join forces with even the radicals to form a bulwark
against the radical right speaking of the radical right February 6 has in many
ways been a success for them they have successfully forced a center-left
cabinet out of government a first in the Third Republic tens of thousands of new
members are now also swelling the ranks of the league’s like the quad therefore
many of the parliamentary right-wing have now also been radicalized adding to
the political stratification we could of course look at this and see
France as a nation full of people just waiting for either a new war or a
dictatorship but it’s important to remember that leaving aside the
extremist forces of the time much of public opinion leans towards pacifist
democracy and pacifist groups most literally millions of members at the
same time however the battle lines have been well and truly drawn the political
turbulence of the 1920s and 1930s has shown that many of the men in charge of
running and defending the Third Republic despise it the formation of a Popular
Front may be desirable for the ordinary citizen who has no wish to see a fascist
third but two conservative generals of the army it reeks of entry-level
communism this is also mirrored in the massive growth of the far-right leagues
after February 6 and their work to undermine the Third Republic continues
and who knows if a united Popular Front will be able to survive and fight off
the fascist threats any help by this point pretty much every communist party
in Europe defers to Moscow and if Stalin’s position of Nazi Germany
changes so will everyone else’s the unity of Verdun is now but a distant
memory things have fallen apart will the centre be able to hold if you’d like to
learn more about the global rise of fascism and understand what it actually
is a little bit better and have a look at our video on the rise of evil you can
click on it right here should be any minute now
our patron of the week is Yorick Crone or crow net thanks to people like Yorick
good name York we can now enjoy the financial stability that 1930s Europe
never did so do the right thing and subscribe to us at patreon calm or
Tango’s TV and now viva la revolución sleepy you

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100 Responses

  1. TimeGhost History says:

    We now get to some fascinating stuff that is less known outside of France. The events in 1934 will not create a new Fascist state, but they will have deep impact on how France deals with WW2. The February crisis influences military policy, the civilian response, and the way both right wing and left wing political parties deal with the German invasion and occupation. In the next couple of weeks we will come out with a War Against Humanity episode on the WW2 channel about the beginning of French collaboration and resistance – this episode provides essential background to how that plays out in 1940.

    STAY CIVIL AND POLITE we will delete any comments with personal insults, or attacks.
    AVOID PARTISAN POLITICS AS FAR AS YOU CAN we reserve the right to cut off vitriolic debates.
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    RACISM, XENOPHOBIA, OR SLAMMING OF MINORITIES will lead to an immediate ban.

  2. Samuel Marsden says:

    Well that was fucking thrilling

  3. kitch Fairman says:


  4. forgetfulfunctor1 says:

    @9:15 wow even Epstein is history rhyming

  5. Davidh41690 says:

    Philippe Petain to general Franco 'My country has been beaten, this is the work of thirty years of Marxism'

  6. George Doolittle says:

    eau claire?

  7. Elliott Funkhouser says:

    If only

  8. TrueSoprano says:

    Indy, how many national outfits are you hiding in your closet? Which one are we seeing next week?

  9. patang man says:

    I must say that French are truly die hard. Look at the Charles Maurras guy at 12:06. Died in '1909' and he still went on to lead Action Francaise. Strong stuff. He was later on exorcised in 1952.

  10. maceryan64 says:

    Can you guys do a video on the Hitler Youth??

  11. Hannah Skipper says:

    Ghost of Louis XVI: here we go again.

  12. RemusKingOfRome5 says:


  13. Mad Lad says:

    Indy: "Bonjour."
    Auto-Captions: "Bullshit."

  14. Clorox57 says:

    Wait why when he talked about an ecen that took place in the 30' he say that maurras spend the night writting poems ? He died in 1909…

  15. Craig Wilson says:

    FYI, if you can change your video, Charles Maurras lived from April 20, 1968 to November 16, 1952, which helps explain his presence in French politics in the 1930s.

  16. Stefan Bobia says:

    Charles Maurras died in 1952, not in 1909 as written under the portrait. He coudnt have been the leader of Action Francaise in 1934 if he died 25 years earlier.

  17. snowmanflo says:


  18. Chris_Wooden_Eye says:

    Artsy Indy is best Indy…but he does smell like garlic and wine

  19. Cezar Țurcanu says:

    I'm curious, were you trying to start a war with that mixed language intro? 😛

  20. Tom Frazier says:

    The far Right & far Left were both ready to throw down. The memory of the Bolshevik takeover of the machinery of Gov't after the collapse of the Imperial Gov't. This is all so well known & tiresome, but people truly never learn. Sante was a somewhat Leftish salute then. Salud in Spanish was used similarly. Many across this spectrum went to play for real in the Spanish War. That was such a microcosm of European history of the latter 3/4 of the XXth C.

  21. MiniNate says:

    What’s with the lightbulb? Astrid should change it

  22. PAPAAAAAAA!!! says:

    Bonjour mon ami, j'espére que tu vas bien (Sorry, my french is…how to say it…below semi optimal).

    Thanks again for historic details delivered in a entertaining way!


  23. Mate Jebach says:

    Again confused stories about fascism, far-right groups and alliances and right wing without Catholic Church? Sorry but it doesn't work. Almost all right and far-right in France was rooted in Catholic Church as main perpetrator and creator of this organizations, main power, their goals and their alliances are always under guidance of Catholic Church, and pointing on main enemy – people who are not under rule of Church – leftwingers majority of population gathered in socialist anarchist and communist groups.

    Far and strange country who is inspiration to majority of people because there workers working for themselves, not for aristocracy and kleptocracy is some inspiration, but pointing on that and forgetting main political perpetrator and force is note clear picture.

  24. Sam Aronow says:

    “Ani Indy Neidell veze Bein Milhamatayim.”

  25. Throwaway Modeller says:

    One light bulb is dead. Is there a secret meaning behind it? Maybe a country that fell into the darkness of fascism… :thinking:

  26. Jeff Wilson says:

    "Masonic connections…."

  27. Thundergod7734 says:

    and people say Yugoslavia is a mess…

  28. Viktor Samoja says:

    Wow, why does this sound so familiar? It's true what they say, Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it.

  29. M A says:

    I have long held the position that the savagery and demolition of the French Revolution made Republicanism impossible to be maintained in France. The idea that destroying absolutely everything in the Old France was needed to build a Republic…was radical madness that did nothing but breed divisions in French society that stand to this day.

    In a narrow understanding of what made the American Revolution successful, France tore itself asunder. The Tragedy of France is that if the revolutionaries had valued the institutions that worked, then perhaps we’d still be observing the 1st French Republic,

  30. Kevin Sullivan says:

    Nice Yeats reference at the end there.

  31. Ferrusian Gambit says:

    0:38 sounds more like Spanish than French.

  32. Perfectly Fine says:

    Uhh, those subtitles are very questionable.

  33. Shawn Gilliland says:

    Wow! There seem to be a number of elements of French politics from 1934 that continue in French politics of today.
    This helps me to understand the Vichy regime better.

  34. Big Boy Blue says:

    Trudeau is a smelly piece of dog shit.

  35. Clar Wikk says:

    15:42 tfw you just wanna ride your bicycle and find yourself in a revolution

  36. ThePfeil says:

    Damn, just noticed the 3 skeletons sitting on the tiled stove. An eerie reminder of the things to come, when people "hear no evil, see no evil, speak no evil".

  37. Dick Tracy says:

    Socialist are only for pacifism as long as they are not in power .

  38. Dick Tracy says:

    Once again not one of these political groups believes people have a right to live for themselves – so all of them are for slavery, it is just a matter of what type of slavery.

  39. Haunebu says:

    Will there be a video about the Kingdom of Hungary in the interwar years? During this time the county's foreign policy was dominated by territorial revision against the Little Entente. The country's regent, Admiral Miklós Horthy, and the two most prominent prime ministers were interesting figures: István Bethlen (who consolidated the country after the war) and Gyula Gömbös (nicknamed "Gömbölini" who tried to establish a fascist regime in Hungary)

  40. SuvaraIH says:

    "In fact, the League's leader Charles Maurras has chosen to die 25 years before that, rather than go out in a cold winter night and overthrow the system."

  41. King of Kings & Ruler of Rulers says:

    "Why die for Danzig?"

  42. Boulangiste says:

    I'd like to add different elements to enrich this and understand it better :
    – The alliance of French far right and left is not that "random" or occasional.
    – Before WW1, the Boulangist movement that almost overthrew the republic was an alliance of Monarchists, Bonapartists and Socialists.
    – In the 30's, an intellectual group called "Le cercle Proudhon" aimed at gathering thinkers and intellectual from the Action Française and Anarchists / Socialists (that both found themselves ideologically close to Proudhon).
    So in this riot of 34, seing far left wingers and far right rioting together was actually quite a logic follow up of these past experiences.

  43. David Wise says:

    As a student, I was in Europe in 1973 and 1974. In the Paris Metro, I always saw the seats set aside for the invalides of WWII.

  44. [eRekt] Captaingrass says:

    Action francaise gives you more interesting focus tree imo, but unfortunately you cant go for war economy fast.

  45. Blackjack says:

    The center never holds

  46. lu lm says:

    13:52 This sounds so much like the yellow vests movement.

  47. warrenhollowbooks says:

    As a heads up, you talk of Maurras spending the night of the riots of 1934 writing poetry while your little head shot says- "Charles Maurras 1868-1909"

  48. DrCruel says:

    Socialism, both from the fascists and communists, and the economic corruption that followed. The irrational class and race hatred of rival Left factions. These words can describe pretty much every European nation in the interwar years. France is no exception.

  49. Rafael Wilks says:

    3:00 His Holiness Pope Pius XI condemned it, thus forcing the much-needed resignation of the infamous Cardinal Billot, a big supporter of it.

  50. Arbiter099 says:

    Choosing between staying home and spending your night writing poetry or going out and overthrowing the current regime. Can it get more French than that?

  51. Xastur Speaks says:

    These terms left and right largely are muddled and meaningless, but within the context can hold a functioning meaning. So the cartel government is viewed as what? as then you state it collapses and a more right wing group seeks to take over. Ok, so was the cartel government not right wing.

    1:16 that is why woman needed to Woman Up and demand equality so they could enlist 9 million woman and be a visible scar and worry about birthrates. Only through that baptism by fire ladies can true equality be achieved. Feminazi's mount up, and demand a woman's right to right, die or merely be maimed for her ultra-nationalist cause.

  52. Xastur Speaks says:

    Those who started WW1 I think among their real goals (which are not the stated goals) they needed to turn nations like France from a creditor nation to a debtor nation to get socialism to succeed much like communism seems to only succeed and take hold in nations (populations) where most people are ignorant peasants.

    When people NEED socialism, not simply want it, is when the conditions are ripe and France today is a socialist nation so the rise of socialism and secularism if present before, was amplified and intensified so the need grows for a powerful central socialist state, but will take a second war to finally cement that social urge to demand socialist policies. Without the right conditioning which WW1 provided Europe today would not be the mostly neo-liberal, neo-socialist place it is as it forces people into positions of true need and when the entire society is suffering the state looms like a secular Messiah. DeGaul is the socialist secular Jesus of his day, but this is before all that during the aftermath of the Great War.

  53. e james says:


  54. scott left says:

    The best thing about French politics….the me-too concept is laughable.

  55. Andrew W MacFadyen says:

    The more things change , the more they stay the same ?

  56. NCR Master Race says:

    10:35 not trying to be inflammatory or anything (ill delete this if you ask me to) but this dude sounds like the epstien of his day

  57. rene L says:

    Strange how there aren't political factions rising up in 2019. Just ppl w they're opinions and the Internet.

    Edit: 0:33 the caption tho?

  58. VonSutho says:

    Mwahahaha, I had the close captions on and the translation into English was not "bonjour", it was BS. Once again guys a fantastic video

  59. K0ukku says:

    Awesome, didn't know this stuff about the French fascism scene. Could you do a video about the fascism movements in the Nordics countires? At least in Finland it was a pretty close call that Finland didn't go full-fascist in 1932.

  60. Angelo van de Ruit says:

    truIy exeIIent episde

  61. Niska Magnusson says:

    i laughed my ass off when i saw that hat on indy lol. still a good vid

  62. Blue Knight says:

    When Will you talk about Portugal?

  63. Das Hololo says:

    Ahh the beret suits you well monsieur

  64. LightFykki says:

    Literally the first word starting this video: "Fascism"
    Youtube Algorithm: Aaaaand, demonetized.

  65. Natalia Cziganj says:

    A truly fascinating video exploring the 1930s French political crisis. Thank you for your thorough research! Love it when Indy says Vive la Révolution! Santé! Indy is a superstar!

  66. iupetre says:

    Fantastic work as always!

  67. seathom play says:

    French Veteran = the fastest runners in France.

  68. M. DeV. says:

    Many groups during the 20s and 30s form fascist, somewhat-fascist, fascist-lite and fascist-esque groups in order to "maintain traditions", "uphold conservative values", "restore former greatness" and "fight the red menace".

    21st century internet righties: fascism was left wing lol!

  69. Gingerwhale says:

    Another great presentation. « Mon cher Indy, vous et votre équipe faites du travail magnifique! » Little mishap at 12:05, it should read Charles Maurras (1868 – 1952).

  70. Leonardo Longo says:

    Did Charles Maurras came back to life only to sit and read on the night of the demonstration? Because it says on his picture that he died in 1909

  71. R Mour says:

    How could Charles Maurras have died in 1909 and be at home writing poems in 1934? 😉

  72. PrivateSi says:

    The Nazti War with zee Vinning Allied Naztis vs zee Losing Axis Naztis……… Nazis are a subset of Naztis. Naztis have been around since the dawn of civilized society… they are not nice… Fascism is as old as zee hillz…

  73. Duke of Lorraine says:

    Indy, how can you hope posing as a french without having a baguette of bread ? No one will be fooled without one !

  74. Sam says:

    The COMIntern party line being so rigidly followed by parties around the world especially in the '30s is something that sort of dazzles me in its silliness. First, it just seems un-Marxist for Moscow to call the shots for everywhere else regardless of material conditions (though I suppose it was the USSR's perception of others' conditions and as the first Workers' State they had the last word or whatever), but also the complete 180s on FDR that the CPUSA did throughout the time. Just all over the place, those ones.

  75. G D says:

    INTERESTING. 70% of 9 million men die? Have Sociologist thought that the smaller availability of men influenced women to accept affairs? Fewer men must have affected the society ..

  76. Gautier Walter says:

    11:10 hahaha "jean chia.." non indy on dit "j'en chiai" !!! xD

  77. Lynn Wood says:

    If one reads the accounts of young American writers residing or traveling in France after the Great War they will all make mention of overnight stays in villages that found them servicing women in sequence, there being no males save for school boys and old men. Such was the devastation of the War.

  78. luc dom says:

    just a small reminder, following the banning of combat groups and leagues, the croix de feux will reform into the proto gaullist "parti social français", which will grow during the latter years of the 30's to become the largest right-wing party of france before ww2, the fears of most french right wing individual is that any government that involved the cpf was subject to the influence of the USSR as was proven during the interwar (and phoney war) period, comunist party members were urged to sabotage the rearmement efforts of france through non compliance and when france was occupied, comunist were instructed to comply with the occupation and not join the resistance movements (even if the comunist party had been forcfully disolved by the french government after the soviet invasion of poland, the soviets had a large influence on the comunist party and their members)
    Ps : typing all of this on my phone was more pain than it was worth, i bet there is a lot of typos, sorry in advance.

  79. buster117 says:

    12:07 A little mistake here, Charles Maurras died in 1952.

  80. Jobins Puthiyaparambil says:

    1920s and 30s in Europe = 2010s and 20s in India..

    Future history students will research about our times and wonder why people behave such irrational..

  81. Jamie van Brewen says:

    5:17 Did I just see a fully grown boy scout walk by?

  82. dogvetusa says:

    This is a lot of info. I have 2x speed and still thought this was one of the longest videos I have listened to.

  83. Terrell Thomas says:

    What was the state of French colonies , especially in Africa during this time?

  84. motor head1 says:
    Explains alot
    Often "justifies" atrocities genocides slavery etc.

  85. joseaca says:

    French population violently opposing the government, well thats new

  86. The Emperor says:

    12:07 Charles Maurras died in 1952 not in 1909

  87. Matthieu Le Brun says:

    The only thing that's changed since the 30s in this country is the colour of the uniforms.

  88. Coconutscott says:


  89. Andrew Durand says:

    Sergei Stavinsky didn't kill himself.

  90. Grantos Maximus says:

    2:30 What is the far right agenda? I spent nearly 5 decades believing fascists were far right until I started reading the works of Giovanni Gentile and Mussolini. Nationalism, Rascism, Traditionalism, and Anti-Semitism may or may not sprinkle either side of the political spectrum. They are merely tools to get to the end result.

    The right wing stands for:
    – Individual over the state
    – Family before country
    – Less laws therefore Smaller government
    – Freedom of expression
    – Freedom of speech low if any censorship

    The Left stands for
    – State before individual
    – Society needs before family
    – Large bureaucracy to monitor and keep large set of laws to control everyone
    – Expression controlled
    – Speech controlled therefore censorship

    Fascism and Socialism hate each other from an ideological and philosophical interpretation of the condition of mankind, and the way to fix it. They hate each other bitterly, but it does not mean they are diametrically opposed on their method of enforcement and the degradation of the individual.

  91. SpyMonkey3D says:

    Tbh, as a French, it really seems like Business as usual. This is the first time I even hear about all of this.

    Btw, Action Française isn't exactly like that trendy Fascist phase (Not that you said otherwise, but it could use some expanding). After all, it existed before, and still exists to this day. It's definitely reactionnary, etc, but well, they really aren't Fascists/Nazis trying to forge a new world order, so I dunno if it's really similar like what's happening in other countries (who are all new)

    Especially since they don't really oppose Capitalism, and especially propriety rights… (Unlike, say, Mussolini who was a socialist in his youth and ruled through Syndicalism, and even Hitler who put "socialism" in his party name. Both created societies were the State effectively owns everything) Meanwhile, Action française doesn't want that, if anything, thoses are conservatives of sort who didn't digest the French revolution.

    I think that Maurras staying at hoime writing poems, of all things, sums it well.

  92. Jack Bat says:

    (12:04–12:13) You made a date typo error on Charles Maurras. He died on November 16, 1952. (

  93. john mcdonald says:

    Fascism is a creation of the Left, not the Right.

  94. Rittik Battacharya says:

    6:04 If I was shown these faces as my options in the election, I'd probably want the Bourbons back.
    It pains me that at this time, the great German land is suffering at the hands of that lunatic, but atleast the French are getting the same fascist kick in the butt

  95. Rich McGee says:

    The closed captions on this are not handling your French at all well.  "Bullshit justly indie neidell and this is unclear dude guerre a chronological…" and about 0:34 is pretty hilarious, though.  🙂

  96. John Jourdan says:

    The way you use scare quotes so gratuitously ruins all the great work you do. Are you just trying to score PC points by pretending there was no red scare? Yeah, four major empires crumbling in the ashes of WWI had nothing to do with communist revolutionaries. Give me a break. You’re losing your objectivity.

  97. Bob1934 says:

    Reminds me of the Spanish civil war, a group of leftists with no agreed upon goal fighting a single Franco. Read George Orwell's real life experience fighting as a socialist volunteer against Franco called "Homage to Catalonia". He fights the Fascists on the front lines only to have deal with the fighting behind the lines between various leftist groups made up of anarchists, socialists, and communists.

  98. Klas Wullt says:

    This man sucks.

    Fascism is not rightwing, it is third position.
    Fascism is about undoing the French revolution
    and returning to something resembling the 1600s.
    Obviously this will not be popular in France.
    Also the underlying principle of Fascism;
    is a group mind and that Fascist society
    is an absolute truth which exists independent of human beings.
    This is why France was ill suited for Fascism.

    But there are many things you should bring up;
    The French Fascists where influenced by the societies
    of Joseph-Pierre Proudhon.
    It is interesting because Proudhon was an individualist anarchist

    but his followers became more collectivist and anti-democratic
    while still using parts of his works.

    You should explain the history of the French Fascist philosophers
    since without them French Fascism would never exist.
    You cannot explain Fascism without
    pointing out that France and England
    didn''t want any unified italy or unified germany to exist.
    Italy and Germany where supposed to be bufferstates
    and this is part of why Fascism was never successfull in France.

    You should also explain to the audience the principles of fascism
    so explain how 20th century nationalism is the continuation
    of the 19th century more liberal nationalism
    and how nationalism switched from being democratic
    to becoming anti-democratic.

  99. Willie No Legs says:

    How did radio communications improve between the wars?

  100. Alligator Overlord says:

    Eagerly awaiting the years 1936 – 1939 & all the Spanish Civil War content.

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